Tell Us Your Dreams….(or micro-wishes!)

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, Tell Us Your Dreams….(or micro-wishes!)Police dogs have always generated great curiosity. 
Their courage and cunning in the most difficult situations makes them special dogs, much loved by their fellow police officers and other people. In addition, police dogs are also gifted with great strength and concentration, are trained to focus on their goal and never give up until they reach it.
Their sense of smell is certainly one of the most appreciated tools by law enforcement as the dog is undoubtedly an excellent investigator to have on one side. As in most training, a dog is never forced to do something he does not want, and the specimens showing concentration, obedience and propensity to the activities are carefully selected. The key is always PLAY. At the same time, the dog’s attitude must be calm and detached in critical situations.
Character traits of a perfect police dog must be:
  • Intelligence
  • Obedience
  • Resourcefulness
  • Power
  • Dominance
  • Sense of protection
Intelligence is the first requirement. A dog that is unable to obey and immediately respond to his trainer’s commands will never be part of the police.The concentration capacity must be so high that the “litmus test” for male police dogs is to ignore a female. It is a question of repressing their natural instincts, and this shows an obedience out of the ordinary. The training and socialization process of a police dog must begin when the animal is still a puppy.The first commands are the classic ones: Sit, Still, Come, Search.
Puppies must be healthy. Dogs with deformities, bone malformations or any other disease cannot become police dogs. Training and exercises require a lot of strength and physical endurance. A weak physique can cause the death of the animal, compromise operations and put the lives of officers and civilians at risk.
Basically, police dogs exist because of their ability to relate and be faithful to humans. For this, the characteristics of these animals must be a reflection of those of the police officers.It is impossible to educate a police dog without the guidance of a responsible and professional person.
Police dogs work in several highly specialized sectors. The main areas are 4: Explosive Detection, public safety, drug detection, research.
, Tell Us Your Dreams….(or micro-wishes!)Explosive Detection Dogs
Usually, sniffer dogs do not have a large size, they have a very calm character and never compete with other dogs. They must be able to eat dry food which, in addition to being the reward for his activity, is also the only form of food that will be given to them. Dogs with great sense of smell and voracity are therefore ideal for anti drug service.
The initial training is based on the game of the wheel and is used to train the dog to discriminate odors. This game works like a carousel that turns, fixed on the ground, whose rays have containers with substances impregnated with so-called “distracting” odors such as anchovy paste, toothpaste, shampoo or food in general. These “negative” smells are mixed with “positive” ones: about 20 basic substances used for the preparation of explosive devices. With the combination of these substances, up to 19 thousand devices can be created.
When the dog sniffs the explosive while the wheel turns, he sits, waiting for the reward: the  croquettes. It is the signal for the conductor that something is wrong. The dog is fed during training with about 100-120 rations of croquettes per day which in technical terms are called “repeated” and are given at every find.
The reaction of the dog to a stimulus awaiting a reward is called “operative conditioning” and this is precisely what influences its behavior. The same test is also repeated on the wall to get the dog used to sniffing at different heights. This method of training is the same used by the American government agency that deals with anti-terrorism, firearms and explosives, the ATF (Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosive).
For safety reasons, dogs trained with pseudo-essences, which replace real explosives. These essences were developed at the request of the United States Navy to reproduce the kit of MNO1 explosives in use by the Marines, the Navy and other American government organizations. Pseudo-essences increase the opportunities to work in environments where it would not be appropriate to use real explosives, eliminating the logistical risk of handling real explosives at various times of training and training.
So they can be used in public places, as well as on public and private vehicles, thus increasing the locations in which the dog gets used to looking for explosive substances.
Among the dog breeds, the Labrador is considered the “nose” par excellence for its ability to sniff explosives. In fact, it is able to intercept even the smallest quantities in the most hidden places. And that’s why the American ATF agents, who deal with finding bombs, use to say: “It’s time to call the Lab!”  where Lab means laboratory, but also Labrador!
, Tell Us Your Dreams….(or micro-wishes!)Public Order and Safety Dogs
The dog employed in the judicial police and public order services is obedient to the handler, has a very strong temper and a dominant character. It must also be playful, but it is important that it knows how to maintain coolness and detachment even in the most critical situations, given the types of use.
They are dogs with a dominant, strong and fearless character. They are engaged in the control of the territory and in activities where it is important to keep a cool head and obedience to the conductor. Their police service is the least lasting, at most 8-9 years, because it often takes place in the crowd, in the cold, in the rain and in rather critical situations. For example, they are found among stones, demonstrations, paper bombs or other explosive devices.
Experts in the field currently say that the Belgian Shepherd Malinois and the German Shepherd are the best police dog to do the job in general. They are powerful, athletic and highly intelligent animal.
, Tell Us Your Dreams….(or micro-wishes!)Drug Detection Dogs
Even the drug detection dog is playful, but he must have a possessive attitude to conquer the ball or the puppet with which he plays. At the base of the training of dogs that perform drug service there is play and the smell is associated with fun.
Unlike the explosive detection dog that sits when it sniffs some device, the drug dog, in the presence of narcotic substances, digs animatedly up to find them, even if they are hidden in the most unexpected places, such as gas tanks or truck axles.
Imprinting is the same as anti-explosive training and there are five drugs used to accustom the dog: initially hashish and marijuana, later also ecstasy, heroin and cocaine. The drug used in minimal quantities, is closed in a dense canvas bag and then inserted into a ball or another game for the dog. These toys are hidden in the most unexpected places such as  seats of cars or furniture, but the dog will do everything to find them. Winning the ball at any cost is a game for the dog, but it is also the way to make its handler happy.
Years ago, controversy was raised about training. If someone wonders, no dog sniffs or eats these substances, dogs would get sick and dog health always remains the priority. Moreover, a drug addicted dog would no longer be controllable and would certainly not be a help for the police.
Among all breeds, the Beagle enjoys an extraordinary olfactory capacity and an uninhibited character. It is very effective in drug detection. Also the Bloodhound has exceptional sense of smell and tenacity. He is the investigative dog par excellence. It can perceive traces and smells of two weeks before.
, Tell Us Your Dreams….(or micro-wishes!)Search and Rescue dogs
Police Search and rescue dogs are accustomed to walking a lot on the most difficult terrain and must not have a large size. The dogs are trained by sniffing in the air instead of on the ground to detect human odor, managing to discriminate all the other odor particles that are in the place of the search. This technique is called the “scent cone” because the dog gets to smell human odor within a cone-shaped beam in the air. The dog must be highly motivated in the search, because along the way he could be distracted by other smells such as that of food, mushrooms, fruits or the smell of other animals if, for example, he is in a forest.
The determination is motivated by the gratification of its conductor when he succeeds in the search. The dog for public search and rescue works very instinctively and in strong cooperation with the handler. Often in the search for fugitives, victims of kidnappings or people dispersed or buried under snow or rubble, dogs can also be rappelled with the handler in crags or in places that are difficult to access.
The success of these enterprises depends very much on the harmony of the dog-human couple. Dogs engaged in public rescue must not have a large size, the important thing is that they are agile as German shepherds or Border Collies.


Police dogs are special helpers who work hard to make our lives safer. What to do when meeting a police dog? Don’t distract him and let him do his job! Aside from the search dogs that move away from their partner, all the other police dogs always work in pairs with the human conductor. If the dog approaches, for example in an airport, or in a station, and tries to sniff you, let him do it, they are calm and safe dogs and you have nothing to be afraid. On the other hand, if you have something to hide, you will not be able to escape their incredible sense of smell!

, Tell Us Your Dreams….(or micro-wishes!)

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